Many consumers are not aware that dyes can fade if exposed to light, either sunlight or artificial light. With this type of color loss, fading is generally apparent on only one side of the fabric. The reverse side is usually unaffected. Certain dyes, such as blues, violets, or greens, are more prone to this type of fading than others.
Fume fading (gas fading) develops when air comes into contact with heated surfaces and forms nitrogen oxide gases. These gases then react with certain dyes, usually those found on acetate and nylon, and cause them to change color (usually blue to red). Fume fading usually occurs on both sides of the fabric.
Some dyes, such as pink, lavender, and red, can undergo color reactions (usually red to blue) from contact with water or any water-bearing substance, including perspiration. If this color reaction is noted soon after it happens, it can often be reversed by your drycleaner. However, in many cases, these dyes are so sensitive that restoration is not possible.
Some dyes will exhibit a color change when exposed to an acidic or alkaline substance. Contact with fruit juice, beverages, foodstuffs, and other acidic substances can cause blue dyes to turn red; contact with perspiration, household chemicals, toiletries, and other alkaline solutions can turn blue or green dyes yellow. Alkalies can also decompose fluorescent brighteners on white fabrics, causing them to discolor. If treated immediately, most acid/alkaline color reactions can be neutralized and corrected by your professional cleaner.
Contact with alcohol can dissolve certain dyes, resulting in permanent color loss. This is especially common on dyes used on acetate and silk. The alcohol content of most colognes and perfumes is capable of causing this reaction.
Consumers are often not aware of the harmful effects home cleansers, hair products, floor scouring products, disinfectants, and other agents can have on their clothes. Some dyes are extremely sensitive to bleach, and even mildly concentrated bleaches such as chlorine can cause immediate, permanent color loss.
Prevent and Treat Common Summertime Stains
Your picture of paradise may include cheeseburgers, soda, ice cream, pizza, and other summertime favorites, but that picture undoubtedly doesn't include spots on your shorts and shirts. These tips will help you confront the stains of summer. For a care-free stainless summer, bring stained items to us.
Treat as a grease stain, like meats. Wash in hottest water possible.
This stain has a little bit of everything, including tannin and fats. Blot off excess stains and use a mild detergent.
Ice Cream & Popsicles
Use mild detergent. Chocolate can be especially hard to remove. Pre-treat it.
Alcohol may damage silk or acetate and can disturb dyes. Blot with water and wash.
Hamburgers, Hot Dogs, & Steaks
Blot the excess of these grease stains and dab with water. Use a pre-treatment such as "Shout." Launder. Bring drycleanable garments to us.
The acidic lemon juice may cause some dyes to change color.
Blot, don't rub. Should wash out, unless it contains a lot of red dye.
Inside Our Stain Removal Arsenal
Stain removal is something we proudly do very well. There are a number of reasons why we stand a better chance of safely and effectively getting out a difficult stain than most folks can do themselves at home. Here's an inside look at our stain removal arsenal.
Stain removal is half science and half art, but all timing. The sooner we get a stained garment, the more likely we can remove the stain. Chemistry, knowledge of fibers and fabrics, and following the path of least resistance guide our approach to removing stains. The fewer treatments a stain removal specialist needs to do on a garment the better. That goes for the specialist and the garment! The most powerful tool a stain removal specialist has is a firm understanding of the characteristics and attributes of stains, aided by a set of specialized tools.